Before Islamic extremism took hold in the Middle East there was actually a decline in Islam’s influence there as nationalism and political philosophies took root. Behind the scenes however, radical thinkers began looking for another route to greatness by way of their misunderstood history.

This is part 2 in the JB Shreve and the End of History’s podcast series on the history of Islamic extremism – Killers in the Name of God.

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JB Shreve is the author of "How the World Ends: Understanding the Growing Chaos." He has been the host of the End of History podcast since 2012. He has degrees in International Relations and Middle East Studies. His other books include the Intelligence Brief Series. Regular posts and updates from JB Shreve are available at